Mosaic of coloured stones is one of the most ancient kinds
of art which exsisted since the times far before our era. According to
the technology of manufacturing mosaics are divided into Alexandrian,
Roman, Russian and Florentine kids. The most complicated of them is the
In Florence masters made mosaic articles
from ancient times, but only by the end of the XVI century a peculiar
technique was created by the local masters and brought glory to that city.
The best workshop belonged to the family of Great Duke Medici. Its glorious
traditions have preserved to our days and are nowadays used in the practice
work of mosaic craftsmen all over the world. The artistic effect of the
Florentine mosaic is based on the delicate choice and combination of stones
with various tints of colours and the maximal use of the stones' natural
ornaments. Thin stone plates are shaped according to the sketch of a thing
and then are stuck closely to one another.
pictures possess one of the most valuable qualities - they are everlasting
in time, as the colour of the stone doesn't fade, lose it's brightness or
fall like paint. The history - writer of Italian art of the Renaissance
period Visari noted: "A worthy mosaic must be devined by its clear forma
ion, gradual use of pale to dark tints. When looked upon at the distance
it should look a painting, not an incrustation".
In our exhibitional collection we have several
pictures made in the technique of the Florentine mosaic. There are the
Ural landscapes: The Chusovaya River", "Winter village", "Bullfinch".
Various stones were used at manufacturing these pictures: Tagil pink and
brown marble, white and grey marble, serpentine, dolomite, ofiocalcite,